Dachshunds: Breed Info, Life Span, Mixes, and More!

Dachshunds are cute, short-legged, long-bodied hunting dogs. They were originally breed to hunt badgers and other burrowing animals. According to the 2017 AKC registration statistics, Dachshunds are the 13th most popular dog breed in the United States. Originally bred to hunt badgers in Germany over 300 years ago, these dogs possess a fearless personality. Their long and low silhouette was specifically developed so that the Dachshunds could easily fit while squeezing through underground dens.

Height and Weight: 8 to 9 inches off the ground. 16 to 33 pounds.
Litter Size: 4-8
Life Span: 12-16 years.

How to Pronounce Dachshund

Dachshunds is one of the few breeds that doesn’t sound exactly like it is spelled. It is pronounced more like Daksunt. Here is a quick video to show you exactly how to pronounce “Dachshund”.

Although they are protective and territorial, Dachshunds thrive very well on close human companionship. Also smart and vigilant with a very big bark, they make excellent watchdogs. And thou they are a little bit stubborn and brave to the point of rashness, their unique personality and braveness has worn the hearts of many people all over the world.

In this article, you’re going to learn about the Dachshund, from its outward appearance to its health.

General Characteristics

Dachshunds are easy to identify from afar. A typical dachshund sports a long, low silhouette with muscular short and stubby legs. Its front paws are rather large and paddle-shaped, which makes them excellent diggers. They have a deep chest, a special characteristic that gives it adequate lung capacity for maximum energy and stamina while hunting. The skin of a dachshund is a little bit loose which makes it hard to tear while accessing tight burrows during a prey chase.


Dachshunds are bred in three sizes: standard, miniature, and kaninchen (means rabbit in German). Both the standard and miniature are the most widely recognized sizes. The rabbit size Dachshund is not recognized by kennel club in the U.S and U.K. They are only recognized by the World Canine Federation (WCF).

An adult standard size dachshund weighs an average of 16lbs to 32lbs while the miniature sized dachshund weighs a little less than 12lbs. The rabbit variety on the other hand weighs an average of 8lb to 11lbs.

Coat Type and Color

Dachshunds have three coat types namely: smooth, short hair coat, longhaired, and widehaired. The short-haired dachshund’s coat is also shiny. The widehaired dachshunds have a totally different coat from the shorthaired ones. They sport a short, thick, and tough hair on the topcoat and an undercoat that is softer. The widehaired coat varieties are not commonly found in the U.S. They are most common in Germany. The dachshunds with this coat type are also the latest to appear in breeding standards.

Longhaired dachshunds are characterized by a glistening, silky coat with slightly wavy hair in addition to some short featherings covering their legs and ears. Longhaired dachshunds are undeniably cute with their long wavy hair.

Although you’re probably used to seeing black, tan, red, and dappled dachshunds, you should know that they come in about 15 colors and patterns. Their base coloration can either be tan-pointed (which is chocolate and tan or blue and tan or black and tan) and single-colored (cream or red). Widehaired dachshunds may have a unique color known as wildboar. A wide variety of patterns may also appear in the base colorations of the dog’s coat. Some common patterns include sable, dapple, piebald, and brindle.

Although this dog breed has over 15 coat colors, the most dominant ones are red (most dominant), black, and tan.

Note: It’s important to note that some Dachshund puppies may be born with totally different colors and patterns depending on their birth parents’ genetic makeup.

Eye Color

A dachshund can either sport blue or brown eyes. Some light-colored dachshunds can have light brown, amber, or green eyes. However, according to kennel club, darker eye color is much better. These dogs, especially dapple as well as double dapple varieties, can also have eyes with two different colors.

Are Dachshunds Hypoallergenic Dogs?

No! Due to their small stature and generally short coats, Dachshunds do not produce a large amount of dander – which is the cause behind people having allergies for dogs.


Dachshunds are described by the American Kennel Club as being clever, overly lively, and very courageous to the extent of rashness. This is quite true considering the fact that they were originally bred for hunting. They are reputed for their fearless and entertaining personality.

Although dachshunds are playful, they are quite stubborn as hunting dogs. They are also well-known for chasing birds, small animals, and even tennis balls with ferocity and great determination. On the flip-side, their stubbornness makes them hard to train. You might have to spend a little more time training them.

Dachshunds are also known to be more aggressive to other dogs and strangers. They will growl or bark furiously if they see unfamiliar dogs or people, or people they don’t like. This personality has many people asking whether dachshunds are barkers. Well, some dachshunds are barkers, considering the fact that they were bred as hunting dogs. However, they bark more and become overly aggressive when they interact with other dogs and unfamiliar people. Dachshunds are also known to bark excessively out of boredom, or when their owners fail to give them the much needed attention. You can quiet your dachshund by spending more time with them and showing him some affection.

Their personality may also depend on their coat type. Longhaired dachshunds are calm and quiet while widehaired ones can be aggressive and mischievous troublemakers due to their terrier background. For Shorthaired, smooth dachshunds, their personality lies somewhere in between.

Untrained dachshunds are a little bit aggressive and stubborn and therefore may not be the best pets for small children. However, properly trained dachshunds may interact well with children that are well-behaved. All the same, dachshunds make great family dogs as they are tolerant and very loyal.


Like other dog breeds, the dachshund is prone to a number of diseases. One of them is intervertebral disk disease which has been found to develop due to their extended spinal column and a short rib cage. They are also prone to developing a condition known as patellar luxation where the dog’s kneecap becomes dislodged.

Dachshunds are also affected by a brittle bone disease known as Osteogenesis imperfecta, Cushing’s Syndrome, epilepsy, autoimmune diseases, Canine Diabetes Mellitus, Deafness, and vision complications like glaucoma, cataracts, corneal ulcers, and others.

If you’re buying a dachshund puppy, find a professional dog breeder who will provide you with health clearances for the puppy’s parents.


The amount of food your dachshund consumes may depend on his age, size, amount of physical activity, metabolism, and build. You might want to enquire from your breeder about the correct food portion for your dog.

Most importantly, only feed him with quality food, food that will provide him with the nourishment he needs.


Dachshunds are generally low maintenance dog breeds. Their coats shed fur, but not as much as some breeds. Shorthaired dachshunds are especially easy to clean. Wirehaired and longhaired should be brushed regularly to prevent the fur from entangling.

Unless the dog has jumped into a muddy puddle or rolled in the garden, you can bathe them once in a while. To keep his coat and skin clean and fresh always in between baths, you can use a Waterless Dog Shampoo. If he has a flea or tick infestation or is showing signs of bacterial or yeast infection, using a dry shampoo that is antifungal, antibacterial, and anti-flea/tick is highly advisable.


Dachshunds are commonly mixed with other smaller dogs. The most common Dachshund mixes include Chihuahua, and Beagle. Below is a little bit of information on those mixes and you can click the link for even more information.

Chihuahua Dachshund Mix

More commonly called a Chiweenie, this dog is a mix between a Chihuahua and a Dachshund. It is a newer dog that was first bred in the 1990s in North America. Click here to read more about the Chiweenie.

Pitbull Dachshund Mix

This mix is very rare and it is unknown if it has been bred on purpose. The first known sighting of this breed was in 2015 in Georgia, when a man noticed one in his yard. Click here to read more about the Pitbull Dachshund Mix.

Corgi Dachshund Mix

The “Dorgi” is also a designer dog who’s origins are unknown. Click here to read more about the Corgi Dachshund Mix.

Best Bed

Precision Pet SnooZZy Mod Chic Round Shearling Bed, Black
  • Luxurious plush fabric
  • Overstuffed bolster provides additional support
  • Machine wash cold
  • Wash separately
  • Color: Shearling Black Size: 21 in

Our #1 recommended bed for Dachshunds is the Precision Pet SnooZZy Mod Chic Round Shearling Bed. It comes in several different colors and is 21″ in diameter – perfect for your Dachshund to cuddle up in! Click here to read our choices for best bed for Dachshunds.

Best Harness

RUFFWEAR All Day Adventure Dog Harness, Miniature Breeds, Adjustable Fit, Size: XX-Small, Blue Dusk, Front Range Harness, 30501-407S2
  • MADE FOR EXTENDED WEAR: Lightweight, durable, and made for all-day outdoor adventures; Designed for easy on and off
  • 2 LEASH ATTACHMENT POINTS: Reinforced webbing at chest stands up to pulling and gives additional control (ideal for training, too); Aluminum V-ring centered on back
  • PADDED FOR COMFORT: Foam-padded strips across the chest and belly provide equal load distribution and comfort when running, walking, or resting
  • CUSTOMIZABLE FIT: 4 convenient points of adjustment for full range of motion; Easy access ID pocket for safe storage of your dog's tags
  • EASY TO SEE, DAY AND NIGHT: Bright, easily visible fabric with reflective trim helps your dog stand out against any landscape day and night

Our #1 recommended harness for Dachshunds is the Ruffwear Front Range All-Day Adventure Harness for Dogs. It comes in several different sizes so you are able to measure your dog and pick the proper fit. There are two leash attachment points so you can have more control or let your dog loose! Click here to read our choices for best harness for Dachshunds.

Cute + Funny Pictures

Below are a couple cute and funny Dachshund pictures that we have found on Instagram. If you want to share your picture please add it in the comments below or post to our Facebook page. We will share our favorites on Instagram!

A post shared by Roswell (@roswell_weenie) on

Wrapping It Up

Dachshunds are definitely keepers. Did you know that they are the Queen’s favorite dog breed? Well, now you know. It’s one unique breed that you and your family will love having around!

About the author



Hello! My name is Mike and I am the owner of I am a pet lover and tech enthusiast who decided to create this site to help out fellow pet owners! If you have any comments or questions, please feel free to use the Contact Page.